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Ankle sprain - Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Updated: Nov 10


A Man Holding His Injured Ankle

If you've ever twisted your ankle, you understand how painful it can be. Ankle sprains are frequent injuries that can occur during any sport or activity. Ankle sprains are caused by injury to the ligaments that link the bones of your ankle. This new article will go over the causes, symptoms, and treatments of an ankle sprain. We'll also give you some pointers on how to avoid ankle sprains.


What is an Ankle Sprain?

Sprains of the ankle are one of the most prevalent injuries in the United States. Thousands of people sprain their ankles each year, most typically while participating in sports or other strenuous activities. Ankle sprains are caused by overstretching of the ligaments that support the ankle joint. This can happen if your foot lands awkwardly on an uneven surface, causing your ankle to twist out of place.



In severe situations, the ligaments may rip, resulting in full ankle joint instability. The majority of ankle sprains will recover with time and relaxation. However, even after the initial injury has healed, some people may have continuing pain and discomfort.



What are the Types of Ankle Sprains?

Sprains range in severity from mild to severe, depending on the extent of tissue damage.



Mild: A mild sprain may result in just minor pain and swelling. The ligament fibers are slightly strained or there is a very minor rip. Your ankle will be slightly swollen and sensitive to the touch.



Moderate: The ligament is torn, but not completely. Your ankle is swollen from the injury, and moving hurts.



Severe: The ligament is completely torn. The ankle is swollen and painful, making walking problematic. A more serious sprain might result in severe bruising and incapacity.



What Causes an Ankle Sprain?

The majority of ankle sprains occur when the foot is rapidly rotated inside, stretching or tearing the ligaments on the outside of the ankle. A sprain can also occur if the foot rolls outward, causing the ligaments on the inside of the ankle to be damaged. Ligaments aid in the stabilization of joints and the prevention of excessive movement. When the ligaments are pushed beyond their usual range of motion, it results in a sprained ankle.


The most common ankle sprains are the result of:


  1. Planting your foot incorrectly whether sprinting, stepping up or down, or performing ordinary tasks such as getting out of bed.

  2. Tripping and falling over uneven grounds.

  3. Landing on your foot awkwardly after jumping or turning.

  4. A loss of balance.

  5. Participating in activities that require you to roll or twist your foot.


What are the Symptoms of an Ankle Sprain?

Pain is the most typical symptom of an ankle sprain. This can range from a faint ache to severe, intense agony. After a sprain, your nerves become more sensitive. The joint aches and aches.


Tenderness and swelling may also be felt around the affected area. Bruising is also rather prevalent. It may be so swollen that pressing on it with your finger leaves an impression.


You may also have numbness, tingling, or weakness depending on the degree of your ankle sprain.


How is a Sprained Ankle Diagnosed?

Your sprained ankle will be diagnosed by your healthcare professional following a physical examination of your foot and ankle to evaluate your range of motion and which ligaments are affected.


X-rays may be taken to check for fractures. If your sprain is severe, your doctor may recommend additional imaging tests, such as an MRI, ultrasound, or CT scan.



How is an Ankle Sprain Treated?

Sprained ankle treatment often consists of resting the joint, administering ice to minimize swelling, and wearing a compression bandage to support the joint.


Physical therapy may be recommended in some circumstances to enhance the range of motion and avoid future injuries.


If the ligaments are significantly injured, surgery may be required to heal them. Most ankle sprains, however, can be successfully managed nonsurgically.


Finally, an experienced doctor will be able to assess your injuries and propose an appropriate course of treatment.



How can I Prevent an Ankle Sprain?

Whenever you play a sport or exercise, there is always a risk of injury. One of the most common injuries is a sprain. The good news is that there are steps you can take to reduce your risk of suffering a sprained ankle.


First, make sure to wear supportive shoes that fit well and provide adequate cushioning.


Second, warm up thoroughly before participating in any physical activity.

Third, be careful when exercising on uneven surfaces or in slippery conditions.


Finally, if you do suffer a sprained ankle, don't try to tough it out - seek medical attention right away. By following these simple tips, you can help to prevent a debilitating ankle sprain.




Conclusion

An ankle sprain can vary significantly in severity, and it's important to get an accurate diagnosis so that you can start the appropriate Treatment. Left untreated, an ankle sprain can lead to long-term problems such as chronic pain or instability. If you suspect that you have an ankle sprain, see a doctor as soon as possible for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.


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